The impacts of climate change in Madagascar directly threaten the survival of the island nation’s unique terrestrial and marine biodiversity and the welfare of its people. Changing rainfall patterns will strongly impact the unique rainforests of Madagascar and have already been shown to impact the survival rates of certain species of lemurs.  Sea-level rise and increased storms threaten coastal communities and important coastal mangrove and wetland areas with flooding and erosion. Madagascar’s unique coral reef ecosystems are vulnerable to ocean warming and the effects of ocean acidification: in 2005 warm ocean temperatures resulted in bleaching of up to 80% of the coral on the north-east coast of Madagascar. Shifting ocean currents will have potentially drastic impacts on fish populations and the migration routes of numerous wide-ranging species such as whales and turtles in the region.

Action must be taken now to address the impacts of climate change to ensure the longterm welfare of the people of Madagascar and the survival of the exceptional biodiversity that is unique to the country. During 2007 and 2008 Conservation International and the World Wildlife Fund partnered to assess the expected impacts of climate change on the marine and terrestrial environments in Madagascar – the first critical step to addressing these impacts. This process evaluated the vulnerability of Madagascar’s environments to the impacts of climate change, the expected responses of species and ecosystems, and the feasible actions that can be taken to ensure the resilience and adaptation of the country’s biodiversity.

Photo Credit: CI/Haroldo Castro

Click here to learn more about Conservation International’s Climate Change Actions:

Conservation International & WWF
english Madagascar_files/Agenda_Climate%20Workshop_ENG.pdf

download agenda


Click here to learn more about WWF’s Climate Change Actions:


Assessing the Impacts of 
Climate Change in Madagascar